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In construction, telehandlers come in handy! Use this course to learn how to operate them safely and effectively.
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## Refuelling safety can be highly dangerous but by taking simple steps you can reduce the risk. You should not smoke, no one should be in the machine, spilled fuel must be absorbed, the fuel cap should be in place before starting and there should never be any open flames nearby.
Only trained and authorized personal should operate and service the machine, no one should operate the machine until they fully understand the controls.
## Never wear clothing or jewelry that could catch on machinery. Familiarise yourself with the pinch points and rotating parts on the machine. Always know where to get assistance in case of an emergency. Know how to use a first aid kit and fire extinguisher.
Some Conditions that affect stability such as ground and surface conditions, Surface grade, Weight and configuration of the attachment, Improper tire inflation and ballast content, Operator judgement, Excessive tilting of the fork carriage or other attachments with an elevated load can cause machine instability.
Operation safety Safe operation is the responsibility of the operator. The machine must be checked every day or at the start of each shift. Do not operate the machine if it is not equipped with lights when conditions require them. If operating in an enclosed or partially enclosed environment, make sure there is enough ventilation.
Never stand or walk under a raised boom. Do not allow others to do so.
Never allow passengers on the machine.
Always check clearances under power lines and overhead structures before driving under them.
Always check for enough overheard clearance for the boom.
## Ensure that correct tire pressure and tire ballast levels are maintained.
## Never attempt to discharge a load by stopping the forklift suddenly
## Never lift a load using one fork.
Never place loads that exceed scaffold capacity or subject scaffold to unnecessary “shock” loads.
Never stack a load on uneven ground.
Always be aware of load width.
## Drive carefully and avoid sudden stops and changes of direction.
Ensure that the load is stable and secure. Check to see that there are no loose articles that may fall off the fork.
## Always check the load charts before picking up a load.
Never add unauthorized counterweights.
## Always pick up the load at its center of gravity
## Avoid parking on slopes. If it is necessary to park on a slope, set the parking brake and block the wheels.
When Traveling On Inclines... Tilt the attachment back and raised only enough to clear the ground. Avoid turning. If it cannot be avoided, turn slowly and with extreme caution. Travel straight up and down grades. When loaded and traveling up or down grades, travel only with the load uphill. When unloaded, travel only with the forks or attachment downhill. Proceed slowly and with extreme caution. Do not travel across excessively steep slopes.
## The machine can be levelled side to-side a total of 12.5° in each direction (22% grade). Any slope or grade that exceeds this is considered excessively steep.
Drive slow and carry the load as low as possible.
When Traveling on Roadways... Make sure the machine is equipped with all necessary lights and safety signs required for traveling on roadways. Observe all traffic laws and speed limits. Keep to the correct side of the roadway. Keep a safe distance from other vehicles. Maintain control of the machine at all times. Yield the right-of-way to pedestrians and emergency vehicles. Do not pass another vehicle at intersections, blind spots, or other dangerous locations. Avoid running over loose objects and debris.
Understanding the Controls Part One
What is the normal operating temp of the engine water?
Ignition Switch Location - The ignition switch (1) is located on the dash, near the right side.
The ignition switch has four positions...
The shift selector is equipped with a neutral lock.
The transmission declutch switch is an internally lighted rocker switch. Pressing the forward side of the switch activates the transmission declutch feature when the foot brake pedal is applied.
Understanding the Controls Part Two
Oblique Steer mode, also known as “Crab Steer” mode, enables steering of the front and rear wheels in the same direction. It is generally used to angle the machine in tight areas. Oblique Steer mode moves the machine to the side while moving forward or reverse.
Turn the steering wheel to the right until it reaches the stop. Select FRONT WHEEL steer mode.
Turn the steering wheel to the left about one turn. Select ROUND steer mode. Turn the steering wheel to the right until it reaches the stop. This makes sure the rear wheels are fully against right stop. Select FRONT WHEEL steer mode.
Turn the steering wheel to the right until it reaches the stop. Select ROUND steer mode.
Turn the steering wheel to the left until wheels are pointed straight ahead.
Drive the machine forward a short distance to check wheel tracking. Stop the machine and select the desired steer mode.
Boom Angle Indicator The Boom Angle Indicator shows the angle of the boom relative to level ground. Use this indicator with the Boom Extension Indicator, Transfer Carriage Extension Indicator, and machine Load Chart to determine correct boom lifting capacities.
Frame Tilt Control The frame tilt control is used to level the machine laterally up to 12.5°, left or right. The lateral angle of the machine, relative to level ground, is shown on the frame level indicator. The control is functional only while the engine is running.
It is important to do checks before entering the machine...
Make a note of surfaces to be avoided, including holes & drop-offs, Obstacles, Soft mud & standing water, Oil spills & slippery surfaces.
When operating on docks, ramps or floors, check for weak spots. Clear away trash and debris. Pick up anything that could puncture a tire.
What protective clothing and personal safety devices do you think you would need?
General Operating Procedures
Starting procedures ## Before operating, walk completely around the machine. Make certain no one is under it, on it or close to it.
## Apply brakes and turn ignition switch clockwise, cranking the engine. Allow the engine to warm up.
## In cold weather operation, progressively move each function a small distance back and forth until full cycle has been accomplished. To make sure warm oil reaches the rear carriage tilt cylinders, slowly raise and lower the boom several times. Failure to cycle the rear carriage tilt cylinders during cold machine start-up can damage the cylinders and structure.
Lower the boom or release the service brake to deactivate the rear oscillation lock system. If the system does not deactivate, a problem exists and must be investigated.